Vulnerability management (VM) which is a program that consists of a variety of technologies that identify, evaluates, treats, and reports on security vulnerabilities in a system. There are tools that are used to identify Cyber Exposure risks across an entire organization, and aligns them with your operational goals and objectives.
In cybersecurity terms there are some important good to know what vulnerabilities, threats, and exploits mean:
- Cybersecurity Vulnerabilities. A vulnerability is a potential weakness in a security architecture that opens an organization or individual to cyberattacks.
- Cybersecurity Threats. “Cybersecurity threat” refers to a combination of tools and methods involved in a cyberattack. These threats are not inherent to the network. Instead, they leverage vulnerabilities on the network.
- Cybersecurity Exploits. Exploits are those when a cybersecurity threat is applied to a vulnerability to conduct some form of malicious activity. Impacts of these exploits may vary by threat and vulnerability type.
LifeCycle of VM
Find below the phases of the Vulnerability Management Lifecycle:
PHASE 1 – The Cloud Platform that provides multiple technologies, including scanner appliances, agents, sensors, and connectors to help you detect and discover both on-premise and cloud-based host assets.
PHASE 2 – The scanners, agents, sensors, and connectors work together to identify host assets throughout your entire enterprise architecture.
PHASE 3 – The primary objective of the assessment phase is to find vulnerabilities on the host assets in your VM subscription.
PHASE 4 – Regardless of the data collection techniques you use, all findings are securely stored in the Cloud Platform, where reporting tools and features allow you to identify the vulnerabilities that pose the greatest risk to your organization, and share these findings with your patch and operational teams.
PHASE 5 – The remediation tools and features built-in to the VM application, will help you to prioritize detected vulnerabilities and identify the vulnerabilities that have been successfully mitigated.
PHASE 6 – Verify any vulnerabilities that have been patched or fixed. This task is performed automatically every time a scanner appliance, agent or sensor provides new assessment data to the Cloud Platform.
Note: The above information on VM lifecycle has been taken from Qualys Training sites, for more information , please click here.
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